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Category: European History|
The author of the book: Gunter Bischof
Edition: Palgrave MacMillan
Date of issue: 12 Aug 1999
Format files: Epub, PDF
The size of the: 447 KB
City - Country: Basingstoke, United Kingdom
Full description of the book Leverage of the Weak 1998 : Austria in the First Cold War, 1945-55:The four great powers occupied and controlled Austria after its liberation. Austrians were involved in Hitler's war crimes, yet Austrian diplomacy persuaded the world and its own population that Austria was a victim. While the Soviets concentrated on the economic exploitation of Austria, the Western powers feared a Communist takeover. American economic aid totalling $1.5 billion guaranteed the economic survival and political stability of Austria and 'balanced off' the same amount in reparations extracted by the Soviets from their zone. At the height of Cold War tensions, Western observers considered Austria 'Europe's Korea'. The re-armament of Austria was initiated PDF before the German one - Austria became a 'secret ally' of the West. After eight years of negotiations the Austrian treaty was concluded in May 1955. Shrewd bilateral Austrian diplomacy with Stalin's successors in the Kremlin led to the breakthrough and demonstrated that the weak had leverage in manoeuvring between the superpowers.
About the author Gunter BischofGUNTER BISCHOF is an Associate Professor of History and the Associate Director of Center for Austrian studies at the University of New Orleans. He has taught as a guest professor at the Universities of Salzburg (1998), Vienna (1998), Innsbruck (1993-4) and Munich (1992-4) and also lectured at the Austrian Diplomatic Academy (1998). He was appointed a guest scholar at the Institute of Human Sciences in Vienna (February 1998). He is founding co-editor of Contemporary Austria Studies (6 vols, Transaction, Rutgers University) and the Eisenhower Center Studies of War and Peace (7 vols, Louisiana State University Press). He has co-edited a dozen books and written some three dozen articles on the history of World War II military history and POW treatment, early Cold War diplomacy and Austrian contemporary history. His Harvard dissertation Between Responsibility and Rehabilitation: Austria in International Politics 1940-50 won prizes both from the Harvard History Department and the Austrian Ministry of Science. He won an undergraduate teaching prize at Harvard and won the Early Career Achievement Award from the UNO Alumni Association.
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